It is worth remembering that, in terms of its technical quality and harmony with its decorative surroundings, French furniture from the Louis Quatorze (XIV), Louis Quinze (XV) and Louis Seize (XVI) periods represents the finest work of its type in french antique carved the history of art. The art of french antique carved table-decoration was carefully studied. The frame was of carved wood, usually gilt, and the legs were linked and strengthened by a stretcher (entretoise), either in the form of an H, or, on the finest examples, an X-stretcher, curved and handsomely carved. Boulard (1725-89) who french antique carved also worked on the bed of Louis Seize at Versailles. It was made for the offices of Ministers and fermiers-generaux. These immovables have usually been taken to be the boiseries, the door-cases and chimney-pieces, and similar french antique carved kinds of architectural woodwork. At this time mirror-frames of french antique carved porcelain were being made at Meissen, and they were well known in France where the products of the royal Saxon factory were wildly fashionable. Verlet has adduced ample evidence in favour of his contention that the word without qualification was employed only to refer to what we french antique carved should call the table-top. The accotoirs (the upright part of the arms) were recessed and curved backwards during the Regency to accommodate the enormous skirts of the period, and the arms themselves were usually padded with manchettes, except in the case of some cabriolets. Such well known names as Bernard Van Risenburgh (c. The lower part was usually given double doors enclosing shelves (on one of which was placed a strong-box) instead of drawers in the English manner. Beds (Antique French Lits) If we leave boiseries and architectural woodwork to one side, the menuisier principally devoted himself to seat-furniture, table-supports, and beds. The familiar English desk flanked by pedestals of drawers supporting the top on either side of a knee-hole is comparatively rare french antique carved in French furniture, although it occurs occasionally. Types of Wood Used in Furniture Throughout the 18th century Paris furniture of good quality was usually veneered, whilst much provincial french antique carved furniture was of solid wood. Ebenistes were so called from the fact that when ebony (ebene) was first introduced into France french antique carved towards the end of the 16th century it was an exceedingly rare and expensive wood used principally for veneers and inlays. The fashion french antique carved for luxurious cabinets in France was the product of their popularity in Italy, while those items imported from Holland are almost indistinguishable from their Italian prototypes, so well did the northern craftsmen assimilate the southern style. 00 PICK UP ONLY, Vintage cabinet, buffet, coffee french antique carved bar, wine bar, farmhouse storage cabinet, pantry, country cottage, distressed shabby chic $199. For more french antique carved about Louis Quatorze, Regency, Louis Quinze and Louis Seize styles, see. The term can also be applied to inlays of different materials, such as the french antique carved tortoiseshell and brass marquetries associated with the name of Andre-Charles Boulle. Jean-Baptiste french antique carved Sene made chairs for the Queen in association with Haure of the Garde-Meuble, as did J. The French King Francois I brought many Italian artists to France, including Francesco french antique carved Primaticcio (1504-1570), Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571), and Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), to help with the decoration of Fontainebleau. 00 PICK UP ONLY Vintage Shabby Chic Tall Dresser, Chest, distressed, bureau,french french antique carved country chest, france, tall boy, rustic, farmhouse, $299. Craftsmen who specialized in this work became known as menuisiers french antique carved en ebene, later shortened to ebenistes, and since veneering was almost invariably done on case-furniture of one kind or another the ebeniste was necessarily also a cabinet-maker. The sumptuous independent toilet-mirrors of the Louis Quinze draped menuiserie dressing-table, however, gave way to the new enclosed tables of ebenisterie with a plainly framed french antique carved mirror concealed beneath the rising flaps of the top. GR and F beneath a crown refer to the Garde-Meuble de Fontainebleau, and the Garde-Meuble de la Reine is that of Marie-Antoinette. Verlet points out that it is a mistake to call the french antique carved single desk an ass-back, a term which could only be applied to a back-to-back partner’s desk on this plan, with a slope on both sides, but in any case ‘a dos d’ane’ is a relatively recent dealer’s term for such desks. Canopies occur in a variety of forms, attached to all four posts at the top in the case of the bed called a la francaise, at the back only if it was a la duchesse, in the form of a crown if it was an imperiale, d’ange when it was suspended from the ceiling, and a pavilion if it was in the form of a pitched roof. Influences on French Furniture Design Nothing french antique carved can be created out of nothing. His bronzes do not equal those of Riesener for quality. False stamps are sometimes added, and these cannot be accepted as proof of genuineness except in conjunction with a favourable verdict on all other aspects – style, relationship to other known and accepted french antique carved works, patina, bronzework, and so forth. Often the frame had multiple curves, sometimes restrained but, at the culmination of the rococo style, extremely elaborate, with proliferating C- and S-scrolls and luxuriant acanthus foliage. 00 PICK UP ONLY Vintage Farmhouse rustic chest, Shabby Chic Dresser, Chest, distressed planked bureau, french country chest, farmhouse, $225. These tables were ambulantes, often on casters, to enable them to be moved from the bedroom to the french antique carved boudoir, and to the garde-robe when not required. The notion may be taken a good deal further. Rooms became smaller, more intimate, and more varied in their purposes.
The asymmetry of the mirror-frame was occasionally french antique carved carried to unusual lengths, the top of the scrolled cresting being distinctly to one side of the centre line. His State bed was of crimson velvet ornamented with silver flowers french antique carved alternating with flowers of gold, the curtains of crimson taffeta, and the rest, including the counterpane, fringed with gold and silver, the four posts surmounted by massive silver ornament. By mid century french antique carved it was relatively common, and Lazare Duvaux delivered several pieces of mahogany furniture to Madame de Pompadour. (See also other royal Baroque architects like french antique carved Louis Le Vau 1612-70 and Jules Hardouin Mansart 1646-1708 ). At this time the technique of inlaying, extremely fashionable in Italy, was in France the province of the menuisier, but when it was replaced by more sophisticated techniques such as veneering and marquetry in the early years of the 17th century, the most skilled menuisiers became french antique carved known as ebenistes, a term often translated as ‘cabinet-maker’ which again is not strictly accurate. Alternatively it took the form of two bergeres Striking Antique Turkish Oushak Rug french antique carved at either end with an intervening leg-rest. It was also far from unknown for two sets to be used, one for dessert which was laid at a separate table. They employed gold and silver mounts for the french antique carved cabinets of the day, and they anticipated the brass and tortoise-shell marquetries of Boulle, and his gilt-bronze mounts. Although Madame de Pompadour was fond of lacquer furniture, and paid the Martins 58,000 livres in 1752 for work done at Bellevue, it was a taste which french antique carved the King did not share with her. Almost until the end of the reign of Louis Quatorze the bed-chamber remained the most important room in the house; the salon – the large reception room where the company gathered – did not begin to assume a predominant position until the closing years of the 17th century. The movement towards greater informality, of which the rococo style is one aspect, perhaps began with the Regent who, like Louis Quinze, was impatient of ceremony, but it was certainly well in evidence after the construction by the King of the Petits Cabinets at Versailles. Provincial furniture from the latter area was often carried out in mahogany and early armoires of solid mahogany are not unknown. There is a danger that we shall think of the armoire as an elaborately decorated cupboard, but the term is equally applicable to the plain specimens of menuiserie in oak or pine which furnished the homes of the bourgeoisie or the less important rooms of palaces. Provided with shelves for the storage Antique Horse Oil Painting Ej of books, the armoire became a bookcase (armoire-bibliotheque). Maitre in 1764, Leleu worked for both french antique carved Madame du Barry (Jeanne Becu, mistress of Louis XV 1769-74) and Marie-Antoinette, as well as for the Prince de Conde at Chantilly. From years of exposure to light and dust these have now lost their C1920s Antique Mint Art Deco Walter Nichols original brilliance, but the rare enclosed cabinets of this kind of lacquer, when finely preserved, are evidence of the colourful appearance of these screens when they were new. The prepared surface, sometimes french antique carved ornamented in relief, was often painted by artists of repute, or in their styles by journeymen-painters. Among the most handsome of these are mirrors in scarlet lacquer frames bordered by carved gilt wood and decorated with chinoiseries in gold. The same distinction is to be observed in the appropriate entries in Duvaux’s account book, and it was current in England at the end of the 17th century. Antique Master Print Frederick Louis Quinze observed the retirement ceremony in the State bedchamber, but he slipped out through a side door to his real bed when the courtiers had left, french antique carved to return the next morning in time for the lever. Backs were often square or trapezoid in form, frequently of an oval medallion french antique carved shape, and generally en cabriolet. Commode (1790) Louis XVI Style By Cabinet-maker Adam Weisweiler. Antoine-Robert Gaudreau (1680-1746) Working mainly in the style of rococo art Antoine Gaudreau was one of the principal ebenistes to the King from 1726 until his death in 1751, supplying a good deal of furniture to Madame de Pompadour (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, mistress of Louis XV 1745-64. It is met quite frequently in 18th-century records as french antique carved ‘bois noircy’. 1447-1533) created some french antique carved of the greatest ever in lime and other woods. An 18th-century engraving shows a clock in this position. The term does not seem to have become current immediately. These are french antique carved perhaps better classified as seat-furniture rather than beds. It once meant a folding-stool or chair similar to the Roman curule french antique carved chair, of which a seventh-century example is preserved in the Louvre – the chair of Dagobert which has a back and arms added in the twelfth century. Divorced from its top and surmounted by a marble slab it became the armoire basse, the french antique carved low armoire, often a meuble a hauteur d’appui, a piece low enough to lean on. Contemporary records french antique carved refer to mirrors in bronze frames, and one 15 feet by 8 feet was the work of Caffieri. Console 6 Chinese Old Antique Hetian tables supported in front and attached at 30 Chinese Old Antique Wood Lacquerware the back to the boiserie (the console d’applique), the carving of the support matching the remainder french antique carved of the panelling, were certainly not mobile. The emphasis on comfort so noticeable as a feature of the rococo period is no less obvious during the second half of the century, and coverings were of Beautiful Special Antique such rare stuffs as silk and velvet of one kind or another, but printed cotton also makes its appearance as an upholstery material. Many unusual native woods were employed french antique carved for particular purposes, such as wild cherry, and limewood. In 1692 there is record of three factories in Paris producing imitations of Oriental lacquer, furniture, as well as other items of decorative Chinese art, but it was not until the early years of the 18th century that these began to develop into the french antique carved so characteristic of the rococo period. This commode was once in the new apartments of Versailles begun by Louis Quinze french antique carved in 1727. Until the beginning of that century few imported woods were employed, apart from the much-valued ebony, but the interest in the West Indies, awakened during the Regency, led to the import of mahogany (acajou), which came particularly into the ports of Le Havre and Bordeaux. The number of drawers is, in fact, variable, and until a french antique carved little after mid century the customary arrangement was either two long drawers, or two small ones at the top and two long drawers below. But his fame does not rest only on his skill as an ebeniste. The distinction between the console table attached to the boiserie (console d’applique) and the table de milieu placed in the centre of french antique carved the room is an important one. Since Stanislas french antique carved died in 1766 the bureau cannot have been delivered, and it appeared in the Beckford sale of the contents of Fonthill Abbey in 1823, when the catalogue described it as having come from the Garde-Meuble in Paris. The bed a la francaise had a head-board only. Many Antique Old China Dynasty Tibetan Silver pieces of furniture, apparently small tables intended for other purposes, were fitted for writing with pull-out slides which were leather-covered, and a small drawer at the side for ink and pens. Bernard Van Ryssen Burgh An ebeniste known formerly only by his initials stamped on furniture, BVRB, has recently been identified as Bernard french antique carved Van Ryssen Burgh (or Risenburgh). But these are obvious examples. In the 18th century the porcelain of Meissen was popular as table-decoration, and many of the small figures modelled by Johann Joachim Kandler (1706-75) – the most important modelleur of the Meissen porcelain manufacture – and his pupil Johann Friedrich Eberlein, in the 1740s, were originally in large sets intended for this purpose, even though they are Antique American Encaustic now treasured singly in cabinets. 1640-1792) Louis Quatorze Style, Regency, Louis Quinze, Louis Seize Contents Menuiserie or Ebenisterie – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Decorative Arts in France Series (1) (2) (3) French Royal Furniture Introduction In any review of French decorative art, furniture must inevitably play a major part, and in this article we examine briefly the development of french antique carved furniture as a major artform in France, during the 17th and 18th centuries. The Germans, Oeben and Riesener especially, specialized in pieces with secret drawers and ingenious mechanisms which enable an apparently simple piece french antique carved to serve several purposes. A less elaborate kind of toilet-table, often of menuiserie, was draped with one or other of the decorative materials of the period, with toilet accessories of silver, porcelain, or faience on the top, and an independent mirror which could be removed at will. ) Screens (Antique French Panels) Screens were the french antique carved province either of the menuisier, when they are carved and gilded, or of the ebeniste, when they are veneered or of solid polished wood of exceptional quality. ) The trestle-table was essential to seat the large number of guests customarily invited to dine with the King on formal occasions.
Original Handles come as standard but can be french antique carved changed to Crystal if required. It would not, of course, be difficult for a skilled workman to recut an old marble top to a more fashionable shape, french antique carved and this we must assume was done occasionally. Whether its the white , very cheap, which includes dressing tables french antique carved and chair sets. Roentgen was the greatest exponent of this kind of marquetry, and he developed a fashion which first appeared soon french antique carved after mid century. Desk-chairs were sometimes french antique carved given a low semicircular back termed en gondole, and the same term is sometimes employed for canapes the ends of which are shaped in a similar fashion, or for bergeres with this kind of back. The fauteuil of this period had a relatively high back, rectangular in form, which was overstuffed like the seat. They were often quite elaborate, with sliding panels, and sometimes a shelf in addition for small articles, and even a drawer. The carved wood of the frame was especially adaptable to the motifs and swirling curves of rococo, and some of the finest mirrors belong to this period. Although the finest mirror-frames were of carved wood, increasing demand towards the end of the 18th century led to the production of frames ornamented with stucco mouldings, sometimes with free-floating and semi-floating parts supported on stiff iron rods. He specialized in fine marquetry, especially of Oriental french antique carved subjects, and like several other ebenistes, he seems to have worked with Gilles Joubert (16891775), the latter perhaps manufacturing the frames or providing the designs. Parquetry is decoration with sections of veneer of the same wood but with contrasting grain, the simplest form being the parquetry floor of blocks laid in the so-called herring-bone pattern. Nor was he parsimonious in giving beds to his mistresses. 00 PICK UP ONLY french antique carved Vintage Shabby Chic Tall Dresser, Chest, distressed, bureau,french country chest, france, tall boy, rustic, farmhouse, $399. Vitrines, usually simple in design, often have a pierced gallery at the top, another introduction of the period, but more elaborate specimens, Louis Quinze in style, especially those decorated with paintings after Jean-Antoine Watteau french antique carved (1684-1721) and Nicolas Lancret (1690-1743) in the sort of varnish associated with the Martins, are of 19th-century date. His work, of french antique carved extremely fine quality, is much sought today, and was usually decorated with floral marquetry or with lacquer. Jean-Henri Riesener (1734-1806) One french antique carved of the later rococo artists, Riesener took over Oeben’s workshop after his death in 1763, becoming maitre ebeniste in 1768 and ebeniste du Roi in 1774. There was also a revival of the four-poster of the Louis Quatorze period, but with fewer drapes, the woodwork as often of ebenisterie as of menuiserie. The King installed him in the , which made him independent of the craft guilds, and he soon acquired the reputation of being the most highly skilled craftsman in the Paris of his day. Riesener took the place of Gilles Joubert (16891775) as an ebeniste du Roi in the same french antique carved year as the King died. He had several Antique 18k Y sons who followed their father’s craft – the ebeniste du Roi Charles-Joseph Boulle, for example, who was the master of J. A fairly common back, termed a chapeau, has a slightly curved top rail terminating at either end in short, sharp french antique carved counter-curves just before it joins the two stiles on either side. Riesener commonly used legs in the form of gaines which he protected with laurel leaves of gilt-bronze, and his secretaires were given chamfered corners decorated at the top with a console (using the word in its architectural sense) which was also of gilt-bronze. Frequently it french antique carved was provided with a top of porcelaine de Sevres for tea and coffee cups, such as Carlin made a speciality.
Like Boulle, Cressent was skilled in several crafts, french antique carved with training in and bronze casting in which spheres he excelled. Jean Le Pautre (1618-82), Jean Berain the Elder (1637-1711), french antique carved and Daniel Marot (1650-1712), to name only three, left many such designs. Deer’s hoof. There french antique carved were several reasons for this. Nevertheless, the distinction is an important one to a proper understanding french antique carved of the period. Both these objects, because french antique carved of the large surface presented by the doors and the fall-front, offered exceptional opportunities for elaborate decoration in marquetry. French Royal french antique carved Furniture (c. In these days when the original scheme has been scattered to the winds of heaven – the boiseries in New York, the commodes in Los Angeles, the pier-glasses in Chicago, and the Antique 1910 Edwardian 103ct Mine Cut Diamond fauteuils perhaps gracing a London flat, it is not always easy to understand how complete was the harmony between all the elements of decoration – fixed, semi-permanent, and movable – in its original form, and this kind of classification is therefore often difficult and the line of demarcation vague. For french antique carved details, see: (c. Not the least of the achievements of Louis Quatorze and his talented administration, the designers and artists they employed, was the resolution of these often conflicting currents into one style which could be called truly French. The 17th-century bed was mainly the province of the tapissier instead of the woodcarver as it had been in the 16th century, and the menuisier usually provided little more than a plain framework on which the tapissier could demonstrate his skill. The canape proper nearly always occupied a designated position and was often carved with its frame matching the boiserie, but some of its variations were less fixed, french antique carved it frequently being placed in a lady’s bedchamber at the foot of the bed. These anticipated the attention to comfort which was to french antique carved be a feature of 18th-century design. His earliest furniture was decorated with marquetries of wood, and Verlet comments that Boulle shared with Louis Quatorze (XIV) a taste for magnificence, a somewhat overcharged richness, sumptuous materials, and an almost tyrannical symmetry. He also specialized in lacquer furniture, some perhaps made from dismembered Oriental cabinets, caskets, and screens, which were french antique carved broken down and refurbished in a more up-to-date style.
Boulle in 1751. At first mainly from China, the superior quality of lacquer panels used in decorative forms of Japanese art was soon recognized, and these came to be the more highly valued of the two. 00 PICK UP ONLY Vintage Shabby Chic Tall Dresser, Chest, distressed, bureau,french country chest, france, tall boy, rustic, farmhouse, $349. It means ‘convenient’ or ‘commodious’, and it was not only an extremely decorative object, to be placed under a pier-glass between windows, but it was useful for storing the multitude of valuable trifles which the 18th century accumulated. Type of Decoration: Movable or Immovable Classification according to position in the decorative scheme, whether fixed or not, is not an french antique carved entirely new concept. See our Velvet chairs with french antique carved crystal diamante buttons. The tendency throughout the century was for screens to follow room design and french antique carved to become smaller. Terms of Turkish derivation are fairly common. These, like the bureau itself, french antique carved were frequently superb specimens of ebenisterie, whether separate from or integral with the table. The bed itself, its mattress and its coverings, provided a suitable subject for the display of luxurious materials of all kinds, both imported and made in France, which included silks, satins, damasks, brocatelle, and delicate passementeries and fringes, like the bed owned by Richelieu of velvet heavily fringed with gold passementerie. He used Sevres porcelain plaques to ornament his furniture and worked occasionally in the manner of Boulle. Some of his work was based on the designs of one or other of the Slodtz family. The true bureau-plat with its cartonnier was immense in size, fit for formal occasions and great houses.
Those surrounding the mirrors of the Galerie des Glaces (Hall of Mirrors) at Versailles, for instance, are of bronze.
Mazarin’s inventories refer to ‘four An Antique Austrian velvet apples to french antique carved put on top of the posts’, while those of Madame’s bed towards the end of the century bore ‘apples’ of gold and silver brocade, with plumes of green, white, and yellow feathers. He sometimes made his own bronze mounts, and he played an influential part in developing the characteristic disposition of the mounts of the french antique carved rococo period. The ambulantes were the equivalent of the occasional tables of 18th-century England, where a similar evolution may be observed in the introduction of the Pembroke table, the tip-up tea-table, and small tables with a tray-top and tripod feet for placing near the chair. Work-tables were almost infinite in their diversity, and rarely are two alike. In the Middle Ages the chair without arms did not exist, and even the chair with arms – the chaise a bras – was a great rarity, stools or benches being the rule. During the reign of Louis Seize there are few technical innovations of consequence in the french antique carved realm of furniture-making. Much of his furniture was commissioned by the well-known dealer, Daguerre, and lacquer was french antique carved one of his favourite materials. Canopies became increasingly luxurious, and the top of each post was decorated with costly plumes and ornamental pommes or ‘apples’. The exotic materials of the early years of Louis Quatorze gave place to carved wood before the end of the century, and the lowering french antique carved of the mantelshelf of the chimney-piece, a fashion perhaps initiated by Robert de Cotte (1656-1735), provided more room for overmantel mirrors. A development of these two pieces of furniture was the encoignure or corner-cupboard, which french antique carved first appears in the reign of Louis Quinze in two parts, the top being either open shelves or closed with doors. Leather coverings, usually on chairs influenced by Spanish work, were embossed in imitation of wall-hangings, hammered over an intaglio plate so that the design was imprinted on the surface and ornamented with metal. Another variety of writing-desk, which developed from the french antique carved armoire rather than from the table, is the secretaire en abbatant, sometimes called en armoire.